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Migraine Information (Home) > Types of Migraines > Ophthalmoplegic Migraine

Ophthalmoplegic Migraine: Cause and Sympotms of Ophthalmoplegic Migraine, Treatment and prevention of Ophthalmoplegic Migraine

What is it?

Ophthalmoplegic Migraine is also referred to as an ocular migraine, and is a rare type of migraine headache that an individual feels around the eye. This type of migraine headache is also connected to the weakness of the muscles around the eye. It involves the paresis of the third, fourth, and sixth cranial nerves. Ophthalmoplegic migraines occur during childhood, ranging from infants to adolescents. This type of headache could lasts for hours or days, and the child inflicted my have dilated pupils, and an inability to move they eye upward, downward or around. They are some cases of it affecting adults but only in a small amount of instances. Opthalmoplegic migraines cause an individual to experience severe headaches and it can affect a person’s vision. The condition is not contagious.

What can cause them?

 A migraine headache occurs when the cells in the brain become sensitive to stimulation. Ophthalmoplegic migraines may be due to an allergic reaction, it may also begin with the blood vessels around the eye being inflamed. Other factors may trigger the migraines these include alcohol, light, noise, and fatigue, chocolate, cheese, red wine, organic meats, and changes in an individual’s hormone levels.

What are the symptoms involved?

An individual who is suffering from Ophthalmoplegic migraines can experience many different types of symptoms. Some of these symptoms may be severe or less severe depending on the individual, and not each individual suffers from the same symptoms. The symptoms include: double vision, eye paralysis, droopy eyelids, head pain, and other types of changes in vision. Symptoms can sometimes last a couple of weeks, before it fully goes away.

How can it be diagnosed?

Individual experiencing headaches for more than a few days should see their doctor or health care professional as soon as possible. The doctor will take a complete medical history of the individual and conduct a physical exam, to rule out any other type of eye disorders. Your doctor might also conduct an MRI or a MRA of the brain to rule out tumor and other types of neurological anomalies. The doctor will then try and figure out what might be triggering these migraine headaches. Once a diagnosis is made, then treatment of the disorder can begin.

What treatments are available?

The treatment available to an individual depends on how severe the symptoms are. Doctors usually prescribe ibuprofen and acetaminophen to relieve most of the symptoms. In some instances, the pain is too much for the individual and barbiturate combinations are given. In some serious cases, codeine and butorphanol might be used. Some individuals look for other forms of alternative treatment which might include acupuncture, exercise, hypnosis, and relaxation techniques and chiropractic methods. In some instances, doctors have prescribed antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptuline to deal with the symptoms. A combination of these methods, may work best for an individual, again each person is different and not the same things work with everyone. Individuals can experience some side effects from these medicines, which include drowsiness, an allergic reaction or a rebound headache. A rebound headache is caused by regular use of pain medicines. A doctor will have to monitor an individual closely while on different medication to ensure no further problems.

How can it be prevented?

An individual who experiences these types of migraine headaches, need to recognize the triggers that can be causing them. Since it occurs in children, it is more important to watch what your child is taking into their system. Once the trigger is identified they it needs to be removed or reduced significantly from the individual’s intake menu.

An individual, who is experiencing migraines, whether it is an adult or a child, should seek out professional care if it lasts longer than a couple of days. It is rare that an individual will have permanent vision problems as a result of suffering from Ophthalmoplegic migraines, but it is important that a doctor rule out other factors first. If an individual experiences worsen symptoms then they need to seek out their doctor immediately, as it could be an indication of the disorder progressing. Tests will be conducted continuously to monitor an individual who experiences Ophthalmoplegic migraines.

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VISITOR COMMENTS on "Ophthalmoplegic Migraine: How to Get Rid of Ophthalmoplegic Migraine":

val said,
27th January 07
i suffer from a form of occular migraine, and i am 66 years old. It happens when the sun catches a corner of my left eye, so apart from living in permanant shade any advice would be welcome


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